What are the capabilities of India’s new (QRSAM) Quick Reaction Anti-Aircraft Missile System?

India conducted six successful tests of the Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile system In early September (QRSAM) off the coast of Odisha. 

The Indian Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the Indian Army conducted the test jointly as part of system evaluation trials.

 The framework of the trials included long-range, medium-altitude, short-range, high-altitude, low radar signature, and salvo launch targets with two missiles fired in rapid succession.

 Flight tests were carried out against high-speed air targets mimicking various types of threats to assess the capability of the weapon systems in different scenarios.

System performance was also evaluated under night operation scenarios. These tests were performed on the final deployment configuration consisting of all locally developed subsystems, including the indigenous radio frequency (RF) seeker missile, mobile launcher, fully automated command and control system, surveillance, and multi-function radars. 

After a successful series of tests, the system is now ready to be incorporated into the Indian Army. 

The Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile (QRSAM) is a missile developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Bharat Electronics Limited, and Bharat Dynamics Limited for the Indian Army, intended to protect moving armored columns from attack. Aerial.

 It is a compact and highly mobile air defense system mounted on an Ashok Leyland Defense Systems 8×8 truck, designed to provide 360-degree defense coverage. 

The QRSAM has a fully automated Command and Control System, while the missile system has two four-wall radars that cover 360 degrees.

The QRSAM has a maximum range of 30 km and can intercept targets flying at 10 km (6.2 mi) altitude. Each launcher has six missiles and can target six different targets.

 In turn, the QRSAM has electronic countermeasure capabilities to remain immune to jamming. Solid propellants power the single-stage missile used by the system. 

It is equipped with a mid-course inertial navigation system with a two-way data link and a terminal active radar seeker developed by DRDO.


Range and mobility:

  • It is a short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system that was primarily created and developed by DRDO to offer a shield against enemy aerial attacks on moving armored columns of the Army.
  • The entire weapon system is set up to be mobile and maneuverable, and it can offer air defense while in motion.
  • Its range is between 25 and 30 kilometers, and it was created for use by the Army.


  • The fully automated command and control system is the core component of the QRSAM weapon ensemble, which operates while moving.
    • It has two additional radars in addition to one launcher: the Active Array Battery Multifunction Radar and the Active Array Battery Surveillance Radar.
    • Both radars can “search on the move” and “track on the move,” and they both have 360-degree coverage.
    • The system is small, uses a single-stage solid-propelled missile, and has an indigenously developed terminal active seeker and mid-course inertial navigation system with a two-way data link.