Why Russia's stealth bomber PAK DA may never fly?
PAK DA stealth bomber. Image credit: Creative Commons.

Over the summer, Russian state media suggested that Russian PAK DA long-range bomber prototypes could go into production as soon as this year. However, official confirmation is still awaited, raising questions about the project’s feasibility.

The PAK DA has been in development since 2019 when a senior official approved its design. Despite this, extensive international sanctions imposed on Russia due to the invasion of Ukraine have hampered its military production capacity, negatively affecting Russian forces and casting doubt on the possibility of a new stealth bomber. Let’s find out why Why Russia’s stealth bomber PAK DA may never fly?¬†

Delays in the production of PAK DA

International sanctions have caused significant delays in the production of the PAK DA. Russia has faced a series of sanctions from the international community due to its invasion of Ukraine and its role in regional conflicts.

These sanctions have directly impacted the Russian military industry and made it more difficult to acquire the resources necessary to develop and manufacture the PAK DA. As a result, the project has experienced delays and obstacles that have jeopardized its execution.

These delays have negative consequences for the Russian armed forces. The PAK DA was envisioned as a replacement for the aging Tupolev Tu-95 turboprop aircraft, which has been in service for decades.

The lack of a new strategic stealth bomber leaves Russia at a disadvantage compared to other military powers, such as the United States and China, which are advancing rapidly on their own bomber development programs. The uncertainty surrounding the PAK DA raises serious concerns about Russia’s ability to keep up with its competitors.

Chinese H-20 Bomber Program Breakthrough

As Russia faces production delays for the PAK DA, China is moving forward with its own program for the H-20 strategic bomber. This poses a potential threat to the United States and other players on the international stage. The H-20 is expected to have superior capabilities to the current US B-21 Raider bomber and represents a significant step in the modernization of the Chinese air force.

Strategic bombers play a crucial role in long-range power projection. These aircraft are designed to carry large amounts of air-to-ground munitions and stay airborne for long periods of time. Unlike hypersonic or supersonic aircraft, strategic bombers can carry hypersonic missiles without the need to fly at extreme speeds. This allows them to carry out precision strike missions on distant targets.

Meaning of strategic bombers

The competition between Russia, the United States and China for the development of new strategic bombers is a reflection of the importance attributed to these aircraft in the military field. Strategic bombers are vital to a nation’s nuclear deterrence and power projection capability. They can carry various weaponry, including stealthy cruise missiles and nuclear tips, making them a potential threat to their adversaries.

The Kremlin seeks to keep up with the United States and China in terms of military capability. Producing a stealth bomber of its own is part of that strategy. However, it is important to carefully assess the Kremlin’s claims and statements, as the actual capabilities and scope of its military arsenal are often exaggerated. In the case of the PAK DA, it is necessary to wait for official confirmations before drawing definitive conclusions about its feasibility and capacity.

Search for a new-generation bomber.

The Kremlin’s search for a next-generation bomber dates back to the late 1990s. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia began looking for a replacement for the aging Tupolev Tu-95. The Tupolev Design Bureau was tasked with developing the new bomber’s initial technical and tactical requirements.

Why Russia's stealth bomber PAK DA may never fly?

The PAK DA, in its current design, is expected to take the form of a flying wing, similar to the US’s B-21 Raider and China’s H-20 bombers. This aerodynamic configuration offers advantages in terms of reducing the radar signature, making it difficult to detect by enemy air defense systems. It has been speculated that the PAK DA will also incorporate advanced technologies and materials to enhance its stealth capabilities.

The new Russian bomber is expected to have a higher payload capacity than the current B-21 Raider. It is estimated that it will be able to carry more than 30 tons of weapons, including stealthy cruise missiles and hypersonic designs such as the Kh-47M2. However, much of the information and intelligence about the PAK DA is shrouded in mystery due to the classified nature of these military programs.

United States B-21 Raider Program

While Russia faces challenges in the production of the PAK DA, the United States is developing its own B-21 Raider program. Designed to replace the B-2 Spirit by 2040, the B-21 is expected to incorporate amazing technologies that will improve its survivability and effectiveness on the battlefield. The B-21 program is in an advanced phase of development within the US long-range attack bomber project.

The development of the B-21 Raider is part of the United States’ efforts to maintain its military advantage and power projection capabilities. The modernization of strategic bombers is essential to ensure nuclear deterrence and national defense. As other countries, such as China and Russia, advance their own programs, the United States strives to stay ahead in terms of technology and capabilities.

Why Russia's stealth bomber PAK DA may never fly?
B-21 Raider

Modernization of the air forces

The competition between Russia, the United States and China in the development of new strategic bombers reflects the importance of air force modernization on the international stage. These aircraft play a crucial role in nuclear deterrence, power projection, and military responsiveness.

The need to project long-range power and have the ability to carry out strategic strike missions has become increasingly relevant in an increasingly interconnected and competitive world. The PAK DA, H-20 and B-21 Raider programs are a testament to the importance of strategic bombers in these nations’ military strategies.


Despite the delays in the production of the PAK DA and the uncertainties surrounding its feasibility, the development of new strategic bombers by Russia, the United States and China continues to be a strategic objective for these nations. These programs reflect the importance of maintaining and strengthening military capacity and the projection of power in the international arena.

Global competition in developing strategic bombers poses challenges and expectations for all parties involved. As technological advances continue, we are likely to see more rivalry and development in this area. A nation’s ability to develop and deploy state-of-the-art strategic bombers can have significant implications for its military power and position on the world stage.