The disclosure of documented deficiencies raises questions about the effectiveness of existing oversight systems hampered by non-compliance by partners in Ukraine.
January 14, 2024, in War zone

According to a Pentagon report, the US Department of Defense faces obstacles in delivering military hardware to Ukraine.

Irregularities in the supply of military material to Ukraine

The US Department of Defense has released a report highlighting significant challenges in supplying military hardware to Ukraine. Despite having delivered equipment worth more than a billion dollars, irregularities in documentation, deviations and losses have been detected despite it being advanced and sensitive technology.

According to Pentagon officials, this “disappearance” is attributed to deficiencies in control procedures and non-compliance with the regulations established for this type of operation. A statement issued by the  Pentagon inspector general reveals that, as of June 2, 2023, more than 59% of serial number inventories, corresponding to a total of $1.699 billion in defense material subject to increased oversight, had deficiencies. This material, known as  EEUM, is subject to more rigorous monitoring due to its sensitive nature.

US lost $1 billion worth of weapons in Ukraine

Among the affected equipment are  Javelin anti-tank missiles, Stinger anti-aircraft missiles and Switchblade combat drones.

Report questions about the whereabouts of advanced weapons sent by the United States to Ukraine

Despite these concerns, Pentagon spokesman  Pat  Ryder has stated that there is no credible evidence to suggest the illicit diversion of advanced conventional weapons supplied by the United States to  Ukraine.

However, as reported by ABC News, Inspector General Robert Storch has found that, although accounting practices have improved since the start of the Russian invasion, as of June 2023, more than half of the Javelins had still not been found, Stinger missiles, night targeting devices and other defense equipment sent by the United States to Ukraine. While the report does not directly accuse misuse of this US military equipment, it raises the possibility of a diversion of the military aid provided.

Pentagon officials argue that the report is based on data more than six months old and note that oversight requirements are often relaxed during an active conflict. However,  Storch emphasized in March 2023 before Congress the importance of improving oversight of use to ensure that tools, both lethal and non-lethal, provided by the US are used appropriately and as intended.

Deficiencies in the supervision of military aid to Ukraine

US lost $1 billion worth of weapons in Ukraine
Javelin anti-tank missiles are being fired

The disclosure of documented deficiencies raises questions about the effectiveness of existing oversight systems hampered by non-compliance by partners in Ukraine.

In his testimony before the US Congress,  Storch asserted that enhanced oversight of the end use of military material in Ukraine had been carried out, mostly in accordance with the law. However, his office raised questions about compliance a few weeks later.

The report concludes that the documentation failures are due in part to a lack of staff to carry out this work and movement restrictions in Ukraine. It also notes that the absence of end-use monitoring procedures until December 2022 contributed to the problem. Despite a 27% improvement in compliance between February and June 2023, the report acknowledges that there are still significant staffing limitations and accountability issues.

This revelation comes as the  Biden administration’s latest funding request to support  Ukraine is blocked in the US Congress, with arguments from Republicans insisting that emergency aid must be linked to security provisions.

From February 2022 to the present date, the United States has provided more than $75 billion in aid to Ukraine.