Russian soldiers fired D-30 howitzers at Ukrainian positions on October 4. Photo: RIA Novosti

South Korean intelligence believes that North Korea, in the past three months, has transferred more than a million artillery shells to Russia for use in the conflict with Ukraine.

After a congressional hearing with intelligence agencies, Congressman Yoo Sang-bum said on October 1 that South Korea’s National Intelligence Service (NIS) believes that North Korea transferred the above artillery shells to Russia by trains and other means of transport since August. This amount of ammunition is enough for the Russian army to use for two months on the battlefield in Ukraine.

According to Mr. Yoo, NIS believes that North Korea’s weapons factories are operating at full capacity to meet ammunition demand from Russia. South Korean intelligence also discovered signs that North Korea sent weapons experts to Russia in October to advise on how to use the weapons they made.

South Korean officials predict that Russia may respond by transferring some technology to help North Korea increase its military capabilities. According to NIS, Russia will assist North Korea in enhancing its conventional combat capabilities, including efforts to upgrade its outdated fighter squadron.

NIS officials have not responded to questions related to information that Congressman Yoo gave. Moscow and Pyongyang have not commented on this information but have repeatedly denied information given by the US and South Korea about North Korea transferring weapons to Russia.

North Korea and Russia are strengthening their partnership as their conflict with the United States escalates. South Korea and the US believe that North Korea can provide ammunition to Russia in exchange for advanced technology to strengthen its nuclear and missile capabilities.

The White House said North Korea “transferred 1,000 containers of military equipment and ammunition to Russia” and “created a cover that they were being shipped to the Middle East or North Africa to hide their true destination.”

South Korean intelligence also predicts that North Korea is likely to receive technological support from Russia as it pushes ahead with plans to launch its first military satellite.

After failed satellite launches, North Korea was unable to put the satellite into orbit in October as previously announced. NIS believes North Korea is in the final stages of preparations for a third launch with a higher likelihood of success, Yoo said.

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un has repeatedly described space-based reconnaissance capabilities as playing a very important role in monitoring US and South Korean military activities, as well as strengthening North Korea’s nuclear deterrent. Tien.