Russian forces in Ukraine will receive modernized 2S19M1 howitzers

The 2S19M1 Msta-S, with digital guidance and a V12 engine, offers superior precision and mobility in complex military operations.

On April 5, 2024, the state entity ROSTEC , dedicated to the development, production and export of advanced technological industrial products, made official the delivery of modernized versions of the 2S19M1 Msta-S 152 mm self-propelled howitzer to the Russian armed forces, highlighting its prompt incorporation into operations in Ukraine.

This artillery piece, suitable for use in new-generation Russian guided munitions such as the Krasnopol projectile, benefits from illumination by laser designators and the integration of data from UAVs for exceptional precision.

The 2S19 is positioned among the most prominent and powerful artillery systems worldwide within the Russian military arsenal, with intensive use in the Ukrainian theater of operations.

This system is characterized by its high fire capacity, reaching up to eight projectiles per minute, and is equipped with advanced control systems that facilitate the use of high-precision guided munitions such as the aforementioned Krasnopol.

Precision on the battlefield: 2S19M1 howitzers in Ukraine

Russian forces in Ukraine will receive modernized 2S19M1 howitzers

The 2K25 Krasnopol projectile, a fin-stabilized, laser-guided 152/155mm artillery munition, represents a significant advance in hit accuracy. This system is capable of automatically “locking” on its illuminated target by a laser designator, typically operated from a drone or by artillery observers on the ground.

Krasnopol projectiles, designed to be fired from platforms such as the 2S3 Akatsiya and the 2S19 Msta-S, are aimed at neutralizing small ground targets, such as tanks, direct enemy artillery, fortifications or visible strategic points.

Its design allows effectiveness against both fixed and moving targets, as long as they are within visual range of the designator. The 2S19M1 represents the modernized evolution of the 2S19 “Msta-S” 152 mm self-propelled howitzer, conceived in the Soviet Union during the 1980s.

This upgrade has been developed with the objective of providing the Land Forces with a mobile and armored unit with superior indirect fire support capabilities. The modernization has introduced notable improvements to enhance the system’s combat effectiveness, reliability and operational flexibility, reaffirming its strategic value on the battlefield.

Greater precision and efficiency: The evolution of the 2S19M1 howitzer

The updates implemented in the 2S19M1 howitzer stand out for incorporating an advanced fire control system, significantly increasing firing precision and minimizing the time required to neutralize targets.

This technology facilitates rapid target location and expands the system’s capabilities to hit dynamic targets with high precision. In parallel, communication systems have been optimized to ensure fluid interconnection and effective coordination with other units in the theater of operations, improving command and control actions on the battlefield.

The mobility and propulsion capabilities of the 2S19M1 have also seen significant improvements, providing increased speed and agility in varied terrain conditions. This agility is key to the system’s tactical repositioning in response to battlefield dynamics, strengthening the howitzer’s survivability in combat environments where mobility is critical.

In addition, innovations in ammunition management ensure that the 2S19M1 maintains a high rate of fire, essential for obtaining and sustaining fire advantage in confrontations.

Integration and mobile power: the 2S19M1

Russian forces in Ukraine will receive modernized 2S19M1 howitzers
2S19M1 howitzers

The 2S19M1 howitzer benefits from a digitalized automatic guidance and fire control system, enabling its integration into coordinated reconnaissance and attack systems. This enables the self-propelled gun to execute precise and rapid attacks upon detection of targets by UAV or through other reconnaissance methods, significantly enhancing the effectiveness of the artillery unit in combat.

The vehicle is powered by a V12 diesel engine that develops a maximum power of 840 HP, linked to a mechanical transmission that has seven forward speeds and one reverse, allowing speeds of up to 60 km/h on the road and offering autonomy up to 500 km.

These technical characteristics underline the 2S19M1 Msta-S’s superior mobility and performance, consolidating it as a critical component in the modern artillery arsenal. It is capable of responding with agility and effectiveness in the complex scenarios of current military operations.