Russia will integrate a new protection system for T-80/90 tanks

The casualties of Russian Federation tanks in the Ukraine conflict are tangible. Each and every model of tank employed by Moscow has been obliterated or captured.

The T-72 and T-80 are the most common Russian tanks in Ukraine, but there are growing reports that Moscow is also deploying T-90s to the front lines.

Russia wishes to prevent tank losses.

Therefore, the Russian Ministry of Defense is attempting to reduce losses in the future months, particularly if Ukraine’s planned large-scale counteroffensive occurs.

The holding company Vysokotochnye Kompleksy [High Precision Systems or HPS] has tested the new active protection system [APS] on a T-72 tank for this purpose. HPS is a subsidiary of Rostec, the greatest Russian military conglomerate.

Here we have the Arena-M APS. This is the most recent update to the Russian Arena APS. According to HPS sources, the adoption and integration of this tank’s protection into Russian tanks are in their final phases. In addition to the T-72, the T-80 and T-90 tank series will also be outfitted with Arena-M.

Functional premise

According to HPS, the experiments were conducted with both Russian and captured ammunition from the Ukrainian conflict. However, the company did not specify the types of ammunition used to operate the APS.

The operating principle is as follows:

The APS Arena-M now incorporates a new high-speed radar. Your objective is to detect incoming hostile ammunition. Typically, this ammunition consists of RPGs or ATGMs. When a threat is detected, the active protection system launches anti-munitions at it. Your mission is to eliminate hostile ammunition before it reaches the tank.

Counter-munitions, also known as defensive munitions, are deployed when a threat approaches. Pulse motors power them. It is what enables the rapid deployment of anti-munitions. Rapid deployment of anti-tank munitions provides the tank with perimeter defense.

What is our understanding of Arena-M?

The above operating principle is the operating principle of the APS Arena-M, which operates in a completely autonomous mode. That is, an operator or other tank crew member is not required to watch for an approaching threat. High-speed radar must be activated at a certain distance to detect incoming ammunition.

When the ammunition is within a lethal range, Arena-M ammunition is discharged, detonating its warhead encased in protective coverings. The efficacy of the new high-speed radar is essential for the early or timely detection of enemy ammunition.

New high-velocity radar

Russia provides no information regarding the new APS high-speed radar. The previous version of Arena permitted the tank crew to activate the radar manually. However, it is now believed that the radar does not require any control owing to the Arena-autonomous M’s operational capability.

The Arena-radar M’s system utilizes Doppler radar. It exchanges information with the digital tank computer. Information from the radar, which can identify the type of hostile ammunition, is contingent on which of the APS’s 26 fast-acting anti-aircraft munitions the onboard computer will prioritize.

The selection of anti-aircraft ammunition is determined solely by radar data. In addition to the type, the Arena-M radar processes information, including a hostile projectile’s speed parameters and velocity. The radar and computer defend the tank in a 300-degree arc, excluding the rear of the turret, and respond in 0.05 seconds.

The Effects of the First Chechen Conflict

The most recent iteration of the Russian APS can be attributed to combat experience. Russia has experimented with various methods to safeguard its tanks and armoured vehicles over the years. Even the T-55 tank of the Cold War era was equipped with the Drozd, the first Russian-developed anti-aircraft gun.

Later, Russia attempted to alter the tank’s protection and devised a system to jam anti-tank missile signals. During the 1980s, the T-80U tank received the Shtora-1 system, which was the first system of its kind.

The First Chechen War and the Battle of Grozny, however, altered the mentality of Russian military engineers. Russia lost 200-250 armored vehicles in this conflict. The conflict over Grozny endured for nearly three months. Moscow recognized during this battle that it could not counter the enemy’s rocket-propelled grenades. Vysokotochnye Kompleksy commissioned the development of an active protection system as a consequence of the poor performance and significant losses. Consequently, APS Arena was established.

How effective is the Arena-M?

According to Russian media, the APS Arena-M is a high-quality countermeasure against hostile anti-tank missiles. In actuality, there is no evidence to support such claims. When the first reports from Ukraine arrive, it will be easier to evaluate the performance of Arena-M.

Nonetheless, the initial Arena product has already been evaluated. In 1995, a Russian T-80UM-1 tank equipped with Arena APS demonstrated its capabilities in front of an audience. Anti-tank missiles were launched at the tank, but Arena was able to intercept and destroy them successfully.

Given that South Korea is interested in protecting the Soviet K2 Black Panther tank, we can infer that Arena APS is a beneficial development for Russian engineers.

At the very least, these are Moscow’s assertions, despite the fact that Pyongyang has never officially confirmed this information. Vysokotochnye Kompleksy creates Arena-E APS due to the K2 Black Panther. One Arena-E game has a market value of $300,000.