Russia and China are on the brink of a military alliance

For decades, the United States has stood as the unrivaled military superpower globally. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the U.S. has maintained its dominance, deploying forces worldwide to safeguard allies and discourage aggression. However, as we approach the end of 2023, global conflicts are escalating, with Russia and China displaying increasing aggression in their shared ambition to challenge U.S. supremacy.

Emerging Threat: Russia and China

Recent years have witnessed a shift in the global power dynamic, with China, under Xi Jinping, and Russia, led by Vladimir Putin, seeking to exploit global instability for their gain. Analysts warn that these authoritarian leaders are edging closer to forming a military alliance that could pose the most significant threat the United States has faced in decades.

Informal Military Partnership

Jonathan Ward, CEO of Atlas Group, notes that China and Russia view each other as military partners, with their collaboration deepening over time. Despite lacking a formal Western-style alliance, the two nations are strengthening their ties, setting the stage for a formidable military partnership.

Global Manifestations of Rivalry

This Russia-China alliance’s rivalry with the U.S. is evident in conflicts worldwide. China’s support to Russia during the unprovoked invasion of Ukraine and their alignment in the Middle East against U.S. interests underscore the growing coordination between the two nations.

Strengthening Military Ties

Recent developments, including joint naval maneuvers and technological exchanges, demonstrate the seriousness of the “comprehensive strategic coordination partnership for a new era” between Russia and China. These moves, coupled with arms sales and high-tech weapon collaborations, signal a significant escalation in their military cooperation.

Chels Michta’s recent analysis for the Center for European Policy Analysis emphasizes the potential threat posed by a large-scale alliance between China and Russia. Although no formal agreement has been signed, the implications of their deepening cooperation should raise substantial concerns for the U.S. and its allies.

U.S. Military Preparedness

The U.S. military, historically prepared to handle one major war and two minor conflicts simultaneously during the Cold War, now faces fundamentally different threats. The rise of China and Russia has prompted the Congressional Committee on the Strategic Posture of the United States to call for a review of defense plans to address the possibility of simultaneous conflicts.

The Russia-China Axis

Russia China

Ward highlights the enormous threat posed by the Russia-China axis, emphasizing the need for the U.S. to deal with security challenges across Europe, Asia, and the Middle East simultaneously. Experts remain skeptical about the stability of this alliance, considering long-standing tensions and China’s economic interests in maintaining ties with the West.

Potential Challenges and Skepticism

While some experts express doubt about the stability of a Russian-Chinese alliance, citing historical tensions and China’s economic interests, the potential for a military pact between authoritarian leaders remains a pressing concern. Considering the unpredictable nature of global geopolitics, the U.S. must be prepared for this scenario.

Preparedness for Military Pact

Experts unanimously stress the importance of preparedness for a potential military pact between Russia and China. Global alliances, especially in Europe, need urgent strengthening to enhance military capabilities and counter the threat posed by these rival superpowers.


As we navigate the complexities of the evolving global power dynamic, the potential alliance between Russia and China poses unprecedented challenges for the United States. The need for strategic preparedness, a reassessment of defense plans, and strengthened alliances is paramount to ensure the U.S. can effectively counter the emerging threat.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. How real is the threat of a Russia-China military alliance?
    • The threat is deemed significant, with experts expressing concerns about the growing military cooperation between Russia and China.
  2. What steps can the U.S. take to counter this potential alliance?
    • Strategic preparedness, a review of defense plans, and strengthening global alliances, particularly in Europe, are crucial steps.
  3. Are there historical tensions between Russia and China that could hinder an alliance?
    • While historical tensions exist, the deepening military partnership suggests a willingness to overcome differences.
  4. How might a military pact between Russia and China impact global stability?
    • Such a pact could significantly alter the global power balance, posing challenges for the U.S. and its allies.
  5. What role do European allies play in addressing this emerging threat?
    • European allies are urged to enhance military capabilities and share the burden of addressing the geopolitical coordination between Russia and China.