Poland will buy 1,798 missiles from the United States for $3.7 billion.

Since the start of the war in Ukraine, Poland has made a series of military purchases, especially from the United States and South Korea. However, not all of these purchases have materialized yet due to a lack of financing solutions.

It is true that Warsaw has increased its military spending to 4% of GDP and has drawn on the European Peace Fund [EFF], an extra-budgetary fund of the European Union [EU], which can be used to help Member States replace material of Soviet origin transferred to Ukrainian forces.

However, in view of the announced orders, this is far from being enough… Poland is betting on loans to finance its arms purchases. This is what happened with South Korea. At least that’s what we believed because last December, the Polish Prime Minister, Donald Tusk, declared that the facilities granted by Seoul to Warsaw did not exist…

«There was a problem with the Korean purchases… a significant part of the Korean purchases was to be financed with a loan from Korea. In the end, it turned out that there had been a misunderstanding… it turned out that there was no Korean loan,” he declared at a press conference.

What will happen to orders made to the United States? Meanwhile, Polish President Andrzej Duda will not leave Washington empty-handed, as on March 12, he met with his American counterpart, Joe Biden. He assured her that the Polish army would receive 96 AH-64E Guardian [or Apache] attack helicopters, as well as a $2 billion loan from the US administration.

Furthermore, his visit to the United States has coincided with the publication of three notices from the Defense Security Cooperation Agency [DSCA, responsible for exports of military material] in which Congress is recommended to accept the possible sale of 232 air missiles to Poland.

Air AIM-9X Sidewinder Block II, 745 AIM-120C-8 AMRAAM air-to-air missiles [Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missiles] and 821 AGM-158B-2 JASSM-ER air-to-ground cruise missiles [Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missiles with Extended Range], with a range of between 800 and 1000 km.

The total value of these three possible sales is estimated at 3.68 billion dollars [219.1 million for the AIM-9X, 1.69 billion for the AIM-120C-8 and 1.77 billion for the JASSM-ER]. It should be noted that the Polish Air Force already has this type of ammunition in its inventory.

These “additional missiles will allow Poland to strengthen its defenses while increasing interoperability with NATO,” the DSCA argues in its three opinions.

Laurent Lagneau