Pakistan Navy launches first Hangor-class submarine in China.

The launching ceremony of the first Hangor class submarine built for the Pakistan Navy was held at Wuchang Shipbuilding Industry Group Company Ltd, Shuangliu Base, Wuhan, China. Admiral Naveed Ashraf, Chief of the Navy Staff, attended the ceremony as the chief guest.

In his speech, the Chief of Army Staff highlighted the importance of maritime security in the geostrategic context of the region and the Pakistan Navy’s commitment to contribute to ensuring a safe and enabling maritime environment for all. He added that the HANGOR class submarines, equipped with state-of-the-art weapons and sensors, will play a vital role in maintaining peace and stability in the region.

While acknowledging the unremitting efforts of China Shipbuilding & Offshore International Company Ltd (CSOC), I have expressed satisfaction with the progress of the project. He also highlighted that the Hangor-Class S/M project will certainly add a new dimension to the ever-proven friendship between Pakistan and China.

Pakistan government signed an agreement with China’s CSOC to acquire 8 HANGOR class submarines during Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to Pakistan. Under the contract, 4 submarines will be built in China while the other 4 will be built in Pakistan at Karachi Shipyard & Engineering Works Ltd (KS&EW) under transfer of technology (T or T). These submarines will be equipped with state-of-the-art weapons and sensors to attack targets from a distance.

Pakistan Navy launches first Hangor-class submarine in China.
Type 039A (Yuan) class submarine

Naval News Comments

The Hangor-class submarines are an export variant of the PLAN’s Type 039B Yuan-class submarines. Pakistan agreed to purchase eight submarines from China in April 2015. As per the agreement, four of the submarines will be built at Pakistan’s KS&EW while the other four will be manufactured in China.

The initial plan was to deliver 8 ships between 2022 and 2028. The chief program director revealed in August 2016 that the first four of these submarines would be delivered in 2022-2023, and the next four in 2028. However, it appears that the program It has been slightly delayed, as the first submarine was launched in 2024.

The Pakistan Navy does not provide details on the subsystems of the Hangor-class submarines or specific weapon systems. The Stirling AIP system is used in China Shipbuilding and Offshore International Company’s (CSOC) S26 design, on which many experts assume the Hangor is based, but Pakistani authorities have not publicly revealed the propulsion system of the submarines. Hangor class.

According to Pakistani defense blog Quwa, the Hangor-class submarines will be 76 meters long and have a displacement of 2,800 tons, making them slightly shorter but heavier than the original S26 design.

Currently, the PN operates three Agosta 90B air-independent propulsion (AIP) submarines and two Agosta 70 diesel-electric submarines. Three Agosta 90B submarines have undergone a mid-life upgrade under a contract signed in 2016 with the Turkish company STM as main contractor. STM delivered the first modernized submarine, the PNS Hamza, in 2020. The scope of the modernization is the replacement of the fire control system, sonar suite, electronic warfare system, radar and periscope system (navigation and assault).

The eight Hangor class submarines will considerably strengthen the Pakistani Navy. Pakistan is likely to enhance its A2/AD capabilities in the region after the project is completed. Although no official confirmation has been made about the weapon systems, it is clear that Pakistan would gain deep strike capability if the Hangor class submarines were equipped with the SLCM Babur-3 cruise missile.

Naval News