NATO’s Air Power vs. Russian Air Force

Can NATO’s Air Power Overwhelm the Russian Air Force?

Experts and commentators have expressed the belief that, given its current capabilities, NATO’s air fleet could potentially overpower the Russian Air Force in a large-scale military conflict.

 Some even suggest that the assistance provided by NATO, including the F-16A/B aircraft to Ukraine, could effectively neutralize the Russian Aerospace Forces. However, is this assessment entirely accurate?

Assessing the Numbers: NATO vs. Russian Air Force

According to the statistics provided by World Air Forces 2023, the Russian Air Force boasts an impressive fleet of 1,517 fighter jets, securing its position as the third-largest air force in the world. Let’s take a closer look at the composition of this formidable lineup:

NATO's Air Power vs. Russian Air Force: A Battle Analysis

  1. Su-57 Stealth Fighters: The Russian Air Force possesses approximately 10 Su-57 stealth fighters, representing cutting-edge of their aerial technology.
  2. Su-35S Fighters: Over 104 Su-35S fighters are part of the Russian Air Force fleet, showcasing their commitment to advanced and highly capable fighter aircraft.
  3. Su-27SM/SM3 Fighters: The fleet includes around 300 Su-27SM/SM3 fighters, which are known for their exceptional performance in air combat situations.
  4. Su-30M2/SM Fighters: Approximately 132 Su-30M2/SM fighters are deployed by the Russian Air Force, further augmenting their air power capabilities.
  5. MiG-29 Series Fighters: A total of 254 MiG-29 series fighters are at the disposal of the Russian Air Force, serving as versatile assets in various combat scenarios.
  6. Su-33 Fighters: The fleet also includes 17 Su-33 fighters, which contribute to the Air Force’s carrier-based operations.
  7. Su-34 Fighter-Bombers: With more than 130 Su-34 fighter-bombers, the Russian Air Force has a robust ground-attack capability to strike targets precisely.
  8. MiG-35 Fighters: The fleet includes 6 MiG-35 fighters, showcasing the Air Force’s commitment to incorporating advanced aircraft into its arsenal.
  9. MiG-31B/BS/BM Interceptors: Approximately 135 MiG-31B/BS/BM interceptors serve as the Air Force’s primary aerial defense assets, capable of intercepting incoming threats.

The extensive and diverse range of fighter jets owned by the Russian Air Force positions them as a significant force in the global military landscape. These formidable aircraft demonstrate Russia’s commitment to maintaining a strong and capable air force presence.


 Notably, the Su-35S, Su-30SM, MiG-35, and Su-27SM3 fighters stand at the advanced level of fourth-and-a-half-generation aircraft. On the other hand, the 31 member states of NATO collectively possess over 4,500 fighters, with more than 1,000 of them being fifth-generation stealth fighters such as the F-22 and F-35.

NATO's Air Power vs. Russian Air Force: A Battle Analysis
An F-22 Raptor fighter from the 95th Fighter Squadron out of Tyndall, Florida, approaches a KC-135 Stratotanker from the 100th Air Refueling Wing at Mildenhall Royal Air Force Base, Britain, as they fly over the Baltic Sea heading towards the Aemari NATO airbase, Estonia, September 4, 2015. (photo credit: REUTERS/WOLFGANG RATTAY)

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Analyzing Fighter Fleet Size and Capabilities

NATO countries house a substantial portion of the world’s fourth-and-a-half-generation fighters. This category includes renowned fighters like the Typhoon, Rafale, upgraded versions of the F-16CJ/DJ, F-16CM/DM, F-15C/D, F/A-18E/F, and more.

 Therefore, whether evaluating the overall number of fighter jets or specifically considering fifth-generation and fourth-and-a-half-generation fighters, it becomes evident that the Russian Air Force cannot currently compete with the combined forces of NATO’s 31 member states.

 Furthermore, NATO and its partner countries, Norway, Denmark, Finland, and Sweden, have unveiled plans to establish a joint Nordic air force. This collaborative initiative will further bolster the already expansive fighter fleet of NATO member states.

Assessing Combat Effectiveness and Technological Advantages

In terms of combat effectiveness and technological advantages, the fighters from NATO countries possess distinct advantages over the Russian Air Force. While the Su-35S fighter of the Russian Air Force outperforms certain NATO fighters, such as the F-16, Rafale, Typhoon, and F/A-18E/F in certain aspects, NATO’s fifth-generation stealth fighters, such as the F-22 and F-35, provide significant technological superiority. 

NATO's Air Power vs. Russian Air Force: A Battle Analysis

These advanced aircraft have enhanced stealth capabilities, advanced avionics, and superior situational awareness systems, giving NATO forces a significant edge in air combat situations.

Additionally, NATO countries have well-established communication and coordination systems, allowing for effective integration and joint operations. The interoperability of NATO forces enables them to share intelligence, coordinate tactics, and conduct complex aerial operations seamlessly.

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 On the other hand, the Russian Air Force faces challenges in terms of integration and joint operations due to factors like outdated equipment, limited resources, and bureaucratic hurdles.

Supporting Capabilities: Air Defense and Aerial Refueling

In addition to the fighter fleet, NATO possesses robust air defense capabilities, including advanced surface-to-air missile systems and radar networks. These systems enhance the protection of NATO’s airspace and provide a significant deterrent against potential threats. Moreover, NATO’s extensive aerial refueling capabilities extend its aircraft’s operational range and endurance, allowing for sustained operations in distant theaters.

Geographical Considerations

Geographical factors also play a role in assessing the balance of power between NATO and the Russian Air Force. NATO has a strategic advantage due to its proximity to potential conflict areas in Eastern Europe, including the Baltic States, where it can quickly deploy forces and maintain a strong presence. This proximity allows NATO to respond rapidly to any aggression and provides a logistical advantage over the Russian Air Force.


While the Russian Air Force possesses a considerable fleet of fighter aircraft and exhibits proficiency in certain areas, the combined air power of NATO’s 31 member states, along with their advanced technology, extensive support capabilities, and geographical advantages, gives them a significant edge over the Russian Air Force in a potential large-scale conflict. 

However, it is important to note that warfare is complex, and various factors can influence the outcome of a battle. The analysis presented here is based on current capabilities and should be considered within that context.