Ukrainian soldiers fired US-made M777 howitzers on the front line in Donetsk province in June 2022. Photo: Reuters

In a recent statement, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky highlighted a significant drop in the supply of 155 mm artillery shells to Ukraine following the outbreak of the Israel-Hamas war. This revelation sheds light on the challenges faced by the Ukrainian army in maintaining its ammunition reserves, particularly in the eastern and southern battlefields.

Decreased Deliveries: Zelensky’s Perspective

President Zelensky emphasized the slowdown in the delivery of crucial artillery shells, essential for Ukraine’s military operations. Contrary to a complete cessation of supplies, he clarified that the reduction is a result of both the United States and Ukraine seeking ways to manage and secure their ammunition reserves effectively.

“It’s not that the US is declaring that we won’t supply Ukraine with anything. It’s just that the parties are looking for ways to ensure their ammunition reserves,” Mr. Zelensky stated. He further pointed out the alarming situation where many ammunition depots are either empty or have reached minimum levels, hindering the ability to resupply.

Impact of Israel-Hamas War

The trigger for this decline in artillery shell deliveries can be traced back to the Israeli military’s response to the Hamas attack on October 7. Israeli officials, concerned about potential escalations in the region, offered to reclaim tens of thousands of artillery shells intended for transfer to Ukraine. This strategic move aimed to bolster Israel’s emergency reserves, preparing for unforeseen scenarios that might necessitate rapid use of these munitions.

At the time, US officials evaluated the situation and concluded that redirecting the artillery shells would not immediately cripple the Ukrainian army’s fighting capabilities against Russia. However, concerns lingered within many circles regarding the potential strain on US military aid to Ukraine if the Israel-Hamas conflict expanded into a larger regional confrontation.

European Union’s Struggle

Simultaneously, the European Union faced challenges in meeting its commitment to supply one million artillery shells to Ukraine within a year. German Defense Minister Boris Pistorius admitted on November 14 that the EU fell short of this goal, acknowledging the inability to fulfill the ambitious target set in March.

EU member states, while contributing 300,000 rounds of ammunition from their reserves, encountered limitations in joint orders for 155 mm artillery shells. The bottleneck lies in the production capacity of defense enterprises, potentially causing delays in meeting the urgent needs of Ukraine’s military.

Assessing the Future: Concerns and Considerations

As the geopolitical landscape continues to evolve, concerns persist about the sustained availability of crucial military resources for Ukraine. The interplay of conflicts in different regions, such as the Israel-Hamas war, adds a layer of complexity to the global supply chain for defense equipment and ammunition.

Potential Impact on the Ukrainian Army

While current assessments indicate that the reduction in artillery shell deliveries may not immediately cripple the Ukrainian army, the long-term implications remain uncertain. President Zelensky’s statement underscores the delicate balance between ensuring ammunition reserves and meeting the pressing needs of a nation facing ongoing security challenges.

International Collaboration and Challenges

The collaborative efforts of the international community, particularly the EU and the US, in supplying Ukraine with essential military resources face hurdles. The commitment to deliver one million artillery shells has encountered practical challenges, revealing the intricate logistics involved in coordinating such large-scale operations.

Looking Ahead: Resolving the Supply Dilemma

The situation prompts a reevaluation of strategies to address the pressing demand for artillery shells in conflict zones. International stakeholders need to streamline supply chains, enhance production capacities, and expedite the delivery of crucial military resources to regions facing immediate security threats.


In the evolving landscape of global conflicts, the challenges faced by Ukraine in maintaining a robust ammunition reserve underscore the need for swift and effective solutions. The delicate balance between international commitments, logistical challenges, and the urgent security needs of nations calls for collaborative efforts and strategic planning to ensure a stable and secure future.