LCA Tejas MK2: the future Indian fighter awaiting foreign technology

Uncertainty surrounds the development of the Indian LCA Tejas MK2 fighter as it awaits technology transfer approval. The deal with US company GE Aviation, which is expected to be boosted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the White House next month, is crucial to the project’s progress.

The LCA Mk2, an advanced version of the LCA Mk1A used by the Indian Air Force, promises to be a heavier and more capable 4.5-generation aircraft. The main hurdle, however, is transferring 100% of the technology from the US GE 414 engines.

LCA Tejas Capabilities:

The LCA Tejas is equipped with advanced capabilities that make it a formidable fighter aircraft. Its key features include:

  1. Agile Maneuverability: The Tejas possesses excellent agility, allowing it to perform high-G maneuvers and maintain superior control during air combat engagements. Its delta wing design and lightweight composite structure contribute to its exceptional maneuverability.
  2. Advanced Avionics: The Tejas is equipped with modern avionics systems, including a state-of-the-art radar that provides excellent situational awareness and target-tracking capabilities. The aircraft also incorporates advanced electronic warfare systems for enhanced self-defense capabilities.
  3. Multirole Capabilities: Designed to perform multiple roles, the Tejas can engage both air and ground targets effectively. It is equipped with air-to-air missiles for aerial combat and air-to-ground weapons for precision strikes against ground-based threats.
  4. Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Capabilities: The Tejas is equipped with BVR missile systems, enabling it to engage targets beyond visual range. This capability allows the aircraft to engage enemy aircraft from a safe distance, increasing its combat effectiveness.
  5. Precision Strike Capabilities: With its advanced targeting systems and accurate weapon delivery capabilities, the Tejas can conduct precise strikes against ground targets. It can employ a variety of munitions, including laser-guided bombs and precision-guided missiles.
  6. Enhanced Survivability: The Tejas incorporates stealth features and advanced countermeasures to enhance its survivability on the battlefield. It can evade enemy radar and defend against incoming threats, making it a challenging target for adversaries.
  7. Networked Operations: The Tejas is designed to operate in a network-centric environment, enabling seamless communication and coordination with other friendly assets. It can share real-time data and participate in cooperative missions, enhancing overall combat effectiveness.
  8. High Operational Readiness: The Tejas have demonstrated high operational readiness through extensive testing and evaluation. It has showcased its reliability and performance in various exercises and missions, establishing its credibility as a combat-ready aircraft.
  9. Future Growth Potential: The Tejas platform has significant growth potential, allowing for the integration of advanced technologies and systems in future variants. This ensures that the aircraft can adapt to evolving operational requirements and maintain its relevance for years to come.

In search of a technological collaboration

The LCA Mk2, with a weight of 7.8 tonnes and a payload of 6.5 tonnes, has the potential to replace the outdated squadrons of FAI Mirage 2000 and Jaguars fighters.

In addition to the indigenous Astra and Rudram missiles, the aircraft will be equipped with French Meteor, Mica and Scalp missiles. However, the pending approval in the United States Congress for the joint production of GE-F414 INS6 engines is a determining factor for the success of the project.

LCA Tejas MK2

Towards self-sufficiency in the aerospace industry

GE’s application to build jet engines in India as part of Prime Minister Modi’s “Made in India” program is undergoing expedited review. To ensure the success of the LCA Mk2, former DRDO scientist Dr. Ravi Gupta stresses the importance of a fully indigenous engine.

The Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the HAL company are engaged in designing and developing the 5th generation AMCA stealth aircraft, further increasing the demand for engines in the country.

The challenge of global competition

Manufacturing the GE-414 engines in India under the technology transfer regime would make the country a global competitor in aircraft engine design. This milestone would support the Indian government’s “Atma-Nirbhar” (self-reliance) policy.

Although the LCA Mk2 was initially expected to be ready for production in 2023, the ToT approval delay also affects earlier versions of the LCA Tejas. Despite the challenges, the future of the Indian fighter remains bright.