ISRO

On Friday, hypersonic vehicle trials were conducted by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and the Headquarters, Integrated Defence Staff.

The official ISRO Twitter account shared the following: “Hypersonic vehicle tests have been conducted by @ISRO and the JSIIC in conjunction with the HQ IDS. All target values were met, and the trials proved the Hypersonic vehicle could travel at those speeds.”

Any vehicle that can exceed Mach 5, or five times the speed of sound, is considered a hypersonic vehicle. Any craft capable of traveling at Mach 5 or higher is considered a hypersonic vehicle.

Nowadays, hypersonic technology is the most state-of-the-art option available. The United States, China, India, and Russia are just some of the countries working to improve hypersonic weapons.

India has invested time and energy into developing hypersonic technology in the last few years. A report submitted to the US Congress claims that India and Russia are working together on developing hypersonic missiles.

Russia’s hypersonic Kinjal missile was reportedly used in the conflict in Ukraine this year.

Additionally, as part of its Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle program, India is creating a homegrown, dual-capable hypersonic cruise missile. It will be possible to equip the missile with conventional and nuclear warheads.

India ran trials on similar technology in early 2019 and again in September 2020. During the test, a scramjet-powered Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV) reached a top speed of 7500 km/h.

The High-Speed Tactical Delivery Vehicle (HSTDV) is not a weapon in and of itself but rather is being developed as a carrier vehicle for hypersonic and long-range cruise missiles.
The United States claims that India has constructed 12 such wind tunnels for testing missiles at a speed of 13 times the speed of sound.

Hypersonic missiles can get past most missile defenses because of their speed and agility. Its high velocity means that most radars won’t pick it up in time to intercept it.