The agreement contemplates an initial transfer of 600 million dollars from Germany to begin manufacturing and production.
Details of the sale of the Arrow 3 anti-missile system to Germany
The Arrow 3 system, jointly developed by the Israel Missile Defense Organization and the US Missile Defense Agency, is a long-range mechanism designed to intercept ballistic missiles. Defense Minister Yoav Gallant and senior Israeli officials have been notified of the US State Department’s sale approval.
The agreement contemplates an initial transfer of 600 million dollars from Germany to begin manufacturing and production. The full contract, valued at $3.5 billion, will be signed in late 2023, with delivery scheduled for the last quarter of 2025.
Germany has been trying to acquire this system for more than a year in an effort to strengthen its defenses against the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The transaction has been hailed as an expression of confidence in Israel’s defense capabilities.
The relevance of the Arrow 3 system in global defense
Arrow 3 is considered Israel’s most advanced missile defense system, capable of eliminating projectiles and their nuclear, biological, chemical or conventional warheads from a distance of up to 2,400 kilometers. The technology is also being improved with the development of the Arrow 4.
This agreement represents a significant advance in relations between Israel, Germany and the US and reflects the strong defense cooperation between these countries. Furthermore, it marks a milestone in Israeli defense exports, taking them to a new record.
US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin played a crucial role in the process, highlighting the strong defense ties between the US and Israel.
European Sky Shield Initiative and the promotion of air defenses in NATO
The agreement is part of the European Sky Shield initiative, led by the German government, to strengthen NATO air defenses in Europe in response to Russian missile attacks on Ukraine. More than a dozen European countries have so far joined this proposal.
The acquisition of Israeli defense capabilities by Germany is seen as a force multiplier in Israel’s air defense and soon in Europe as well. The decision is especially significant for relations between Germany and Israel.
With this breakthrough, the Arrow 3 system will not only bolster Germany’s defense but also contribute to Israel’s buildup of forces and economy.
Reactions and statements of officials
Israel’s Defense Minister Yoav Gallant has welcomed the sale of the system, calling it “innovative” and “the most advanced of its kind in the world.” Likewise, the director general of the Ministry of Defense, Eyal Zamir, has stressed that this agreement will boost Israel’s defense exports to a new record.
For his part, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz has also been involved in discussions on the deal at a meeting with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in April.