The Tajikistan Army is an integral part of its national armed forces. It was established on the basis of the local armed forces and government forces after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. So far, Russia and China have provided most of the weapons and equipment. In recent years, the Tajikistan army has been quite active and has had many frictions and conflicts with neighboring countries.
Now the army has about 8,000 people, mainly composed of the 1st Motorized Infantry Brigade, the 3rd Motorized Infantry Brigade, the 12th Artillery Brigade and other independent arms. In addition to the regular army, Tajikistan also has a border guard force of 25,000 and a national guard of 30,000.
Tajikistan Army’s Main Battle Tank
30 T-72 Ural/A/AV/B main battle tanks, this level of tanks is the strongest ground unit in Tajikistan; the total number is about 44, mainly inherited by the Soviet Union and supported by Russia, of which the A/B type uses Composite armor greatly enhances the tank’s protective capabilities. This type of tank has appeared in both tanks and tanks in neighboring Kyrgyzstan, some of which were destroyed by enemy drones during the conflict, and most of them are at the end of their service careers.
8 BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles. In order to allow infantry to keep up with the advanced speed of tanks, the Soviet Union developed and produced BMP1 infantry fighting vehicles in the last century. The 73mm 2A28 low-pressure smoothbore gun can suppress the enemy’s exposed targets at a long distance, but the performance of the smoking device of the vehicle is poor, and long-term combat requires high physical fitness for soldiers.
18 BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicles, as the iconic weapons of the Soviet era, were widely equipped in countries all over the world, and now their upgraded versions are very active on the front line of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict. In 2022, the Ukrainian General Intelligence Agency claimed that Russia had considerable interest in and attempted to purchase UTD-20 engine parts and BMP series armored vehicle ammunition in Tajikistan’s warehouses.
A small number of BTR-D armored personnel carriers, inherited from the Soviet Union, Tajikistan, has undergone localized upgrades and modifications and installed BRDM-2 turrets or ZU23M1 anti-aircraft guns. They are mainly used as fire support vehicles, which partially solves the problem of poor firepower of this type of armored vehicle. Disadvantages, but this may not be able to perform airborne operations.
20 MT-LB armored transport vehicles were developed for the former Soviet Union in the 1970s to replace the old AT-P artillery tractors. They were developed on the basis of combining the PT-76 amphibious tank chassis. Now they are mainly used as transport vehicles. It is used with tractors; some have been localized and modified to be used as fire support vehicles.
wheeled armored vehicle
18 BTR-80 wheeled armored vehicles. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the number of armored vehicles allocated to Tajikistan was not large. Later, due to repeated army battles and armed conflicts with neighboring countries, the number of BTR80s should be far less than this number. However, the health status of this batch of BTR80s is much better after appearing in the joint anti-terrorist military exercises in recent years.
The 13 BTR-70/M wheeled armored vehicles are improved and upgraded based on the BTR-60PB. They have been replaced with more powerful engines and lowered the height of the vehicles, with detachable additional armor. The BTR-70 in Tajikistan is mainly the upgraded M type from Russia, and the engine and gearbox of the BTR80 have not been changed.
18 BTR-60PBM wheeled armored transport vehicles. Most of the BTR60 of the Tajikistan Army was inherited from the Soviet Union. It was developed in the 1950s and manufactured by the Gorky Automobile Factory. The vehicle adopts a fully enclosed design and mainly undertakes tank assault tasks. Most of them have been decommissioned, and only a few can still be started normally.
24 BRDM-2M/MS armored reconnaissance vehicles, which are modernized and upgraded versions of the Soviet BRDM-2 armored reconnaissance vehicles, have added bulletproof plates and sighting systems. Russia mainly provided these armored vehicles in 2019 and 2021. The Russian side said the handover of Russian military equipment would help maintain peace and strengthen security in the region.
15 VP-11 lightning protection and anti-ambush vehicles, produced by China North Industries Corporation, are mainly used for anti-terrorism and security operations. It is a type of armored vehicle suitable for low-intensity operations since the new century. It can withstand 10 kg under-the-wheel Equivalent explosives, or an explosion of 8 kg of explosives under the vehicle body, the vehicle armor can defend against 7.62mm bullets, and a weapon station can be installed above the vehicle body according to requirements.
15 CS/VN3 wheeled armored vehicles, produced for Chongqing Dajiang, are equipped with an anti-skid braking system, NBC (nuclear, chemical, biological) protection system, fire detection and suppression system as standard, and can also be equipped with GPS and other systems according to their own needs. A variety of electronic equipment in the vehicle, with a total weight of 8.7 tons, is welded with steel armor as a whole and is widely equipped in Central Asia, Belarus and other regions.
20 ZFB05A armored vehicles, which can be regarded as the star products of China’s foreign military trade, are produced by Shaanxi Baoji Xinxing Special Purpose Vehicle Company. They are designed as police anti-terrorism light armored vehicles. A direct hit from the M43 ammo used by the -47.
In addition to equipping it with the army, Tajikistan also assigns it to the border guards. In 2015, the Minister of Internal Affairs of Tajikistan was shot by the enemy while riding this type of vehicle, but the bullets only scratched the paint and tires of the vehicle and did not threaten the occupants of the vehicle.
20 Dongfeng EQ2050 Mengshi 1 light armored vehicles, also known as Dongfeng Mengshi armored vehicles, have developed into a Dongfeng Mengshi vehicle family and are assigned to China’s light synthetic brigade. Tajikistan mainly uses it as an assault vehicle for the airborne troops. It looks similar to the American Humvee armored vehicle. In conflicts with neighboring countries, Dongfeng Warrior can quickly reach the incident area by virtue of its high mobility.
10 Chrysler J-8 military armored off-road vehicles, mainly designed and produced by Chrysler LLC, equipped with special filters and engine-mounted hydraulic lifts, capable of undertaking various combat tasks. Tajikistan mainly assigns it to its own special forces to respond quickly to terrorism. After all, it is close to the northern region of Afghanistan.
30 D-30/PL-96 towed howitzers, inherited by the Soviet Union and aided by China, the 96 types were improved in the late 1980s with reference to the former Soviet D-30 howitzer and can use the same ammunition as the D30. The main difference is the painting and the muzzle brake. At present, most of this type of artillery is in a state of decommissioning and storage. China often used it to aid the former Warsaw Pact countries and the Soviet Union.
Two 2S1 self-propelled guns, rebuilt from PT-76 water tank chassis, the hull is a ship-shaped steel plate welded fully enclosed structure, and the middle part is divided into front and rear parts by a closed partition. It uses semi-automatic loading and can use common ammunition with the D30 howitzer. However, once a war breaks out on this scale, it can have an impact on the situation of the war.
Two 2S3 self-propelled artillery, inherited from the local garrison in the Soviet era, developed from the combination of a towed 152 mm caliber D-20 large-caliber artillery and a 2K11 missile launcher. Smoker, the car body adopts a welding process and fully enclosed design; the maximum range of the artillery is 20 kilometers; according to this type of artillery, China has developed the Type 83 self-propelled howitzer.
4 CS/SS4 vehicle-mounted rapid-fire mortars, light artillery weapons carried by the chassis of the Chinese warrior off-road vehicle, positioned similar to the PLA’s PCP001 82mm vehicle-mounted rapid-fire mortars, using clip-type feed, the vehicle is equipped with automatic Equipped with a fire control computer and a motor-driven steering gear, it can fight quickly and withdraw quickly.
15 BM-21 multiple-barrel rocket launchers , a type of short-range rocket launcher developed and produced by the Soviet Union, can hit enemy targets at a distance of 20 kilometers, and a strike can cover an area of 16 hectares, which is equivalent to the area of 25 football fields At present, this type of rocket launcher is already an old product. It belongs to the position of using waste heat.
12 BM-27 multiple-barreled rocket launchers were developed by the former Soviet Union in the early 1970s and entered service in the Soviet army in 1975. They are mainly assigned to the artillery brigade and can be used for blasting and killing rockets, chemical rockets, killing Incendiary rockets and mine-laying rockets, but their reloading ability is poor. After a salvo, they must withdraw from the battle and let the logistics troops reload. It is by far the strongest ground unit of the Tajik Army.
6 TOS-1A flame-breathing tanks, also known as TOS1 multiple rocket launchers, the Tajikistan Army has an improved version; the improved version of the launch tube is reduced to 24, arranged in three layers, and each layer has 8 launch tubes. The main types of bombs are special incendiary rockets and thermobaric rockets. With its own firepower and firing rate, TOS-1A can cause massive damage to the enemy’s forward offensive forces and exposed personnel.