Graphical comparison of Russian and Ukrainian forces in 2023 after a year of war.

A year after Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine, the war has left at least 8,006 civilians dead, the main United Nations human rights organization reported on February 21.

In addition, 13,287 civilians have been injured in the last 12 months, according to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. The Office added that explosive weapons – including artillery shells, airstrikes, and cruise and ballistic missiles – caused about 90.3% of civilian casualties.

As Ukraine continues to bolster its forces with Western weapons, Moscow uses unorthodox methods to depreciate Kyiv’s military prowess. On February 24, 2022, Defense News published information on Russian and Ukrainian arms inventories based on data from the International Institute for Strategic Studies’ Military Balance+ database. The following is an updated version, with footnotes at the end of the article.

 

Russian and Ukrainian forces

Russian and Ukrainian forces

Russian and Ukrainian forces

Russian and Ukrainian forces

Russian and Ukrainian forces

Russian and Ukrainian forces

Data from November 2022.

Armored fighting vehicles are armored fighting vehicles with a combat weight of at least 6 tons. Surface-to-surface missile launchers are launch vehicles for carrying and firing surface-to-surface cruise and ballistic missiles.

Artillery consists of weapons – such as cannons, howitzers, multiple rocket launchers and mortars – with a caliber greater than 100 mm for artillery pieces and 80 mm and more for mortars, capable of attacking ground targets with indirect fire.

Air defense includes guns, directed energy weapons, and surface-to-air missile launchers designed to attack fixed-wing, rotary-wing, and uninhabited aircraft. Systems primarily intended to intercept missiles rather than aircraft are excluded.