Germany and Poland say they will not send troops to Ukraine.

European military heavyweights Germany and Poland said Tuesday they will not send troops to Ukraine, following reports that some Western countries may be considering doing so as the war with Russia enters its third year.

The NATO chief also said the US-led military alliance has no plans to send troops to Ukraine after other Central European leaders confirmed they would not contribute troops either.

The Kremlin, for its part, warned that a direct conflict between NATO and Russia would be inevitable if the alliance sent combat troops. “In this case, we should not talk about probability, but about inevitability” of the conflict, Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov told the press.

Moscow’s warning came a day after French President Emmanuel Macron said sending Western ground troops should not be “ruled out” in the future after hosting a conference of senior officials from more than 20 Western countries Who supports Ukraine.

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz seemed to have a different view of what happened in Paris. He said the participants had agreed “that there will be no ground troops, no soldiers on Ukrainian soil that will be sent there by European states or NATO states.”

Scholz said there was also consensus “that the soldiers operating in our countries also do not actively participate in the war themselves.”

The idea of ​​sending troops has been taboo, especially as NATO tries to avoid being drawn into a broader war with nuclear-armed Russia. Nothing prevents NATO members from joining such an undertaking individually or in groups, but the organization itself would only get involved if all 31 members agreed.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg told the Associated Press that “NATO allies are providing unprecedented support to Ukraine. “We have done it since 2014, and we intensified it after the large-scale invasion.” But there are no plans for NATO combat troops on the ground in Ukraine.”

At a meeting in Prague on Tuesday, Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk declared: “Poland does not plan to send its troops to Ukraine.” The Prime Minister of the Czech Republic, Petr Fiala, insisted that his country “certainly does not want to send its soldiers.”

Slovak Prime Minister Robert Fico has said his government is not planning to propose a deployment but that some countries are weighing the possibility of reaching bilateral agreements to provide troops to help Ukraine defend itself against the Russian invasion.

Fico did not give details about which countries or what troops would do in Ukraine. Macron also avoided naming any country, claiming that he wanted to maintain “strategic ambiguity” and not reach out to the West to Russia.

NATO, as an alliance, only provides Ukraine with non-lethal aid and support, such as medical supplies, uniforms and winter equipment, but some members send weapons and ammunition on their own, bilaterally or in groups.

The decision to send troops and keep them deployed long-term would require the kind of transportation and logistics capabilities that only countries like the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany and possibly Italy, Poland or Spain could muster.

Although he ruled out military action by NATO, Stoltenberg told the AP “that this is a war of aggression by Russia against Ukraine, which flagrantly violates international law.” Under international law, Ukraine has, of course, the right to self-defense, and we have the right to support them in defending that right.”

The Paris conference came just after France, Germany and the United Kingdom each signed 10-year bilateral security agreements with Ukraine, as its government works to shore up Western support.

European nations are concerned that the United States will reduce its support as aid to Ukraine is held up in Congress. They are also concerned that former President Trump will return to the White House and change the course of US policy towards the continent.

Several European countries, including France, on Monday expressed support for an initiative launched by the Czech Republic to buy ammunition shells for Ukraine outside the European Union, participants in the meeting said. Macron said a new coalition will be put in place to supply medium- and long-range missiles.

In an interview last week, Stoltenberg did not oppose the idea of ​​allowing Ukraine to use Western weapons to attack targets in Russia. Some countries have imposed restrictions on the use of the material they provide, asking that it be used only within Ukraine.

“It is up to each and every ally to decide whether there are any caveats to what they deliver,” Stoltenberg told Radio Free Europe. But, he said, Ukraine’s right to self-defense “also includes hitting legitimate military targets, Russian military targets, outside of Ukraine.”

Lorne Cook