Dismantling the anti-tank rifle: what is its effective range and mobility?

Anti-Tank Rifle Materials

Steel: Steel is one of the most common materials used for anti-tank rifles due to its high strength, rigidity, and durability. Steel’s disadvantages include its heaviness and overuse, which will accelerate fatigue and deterioration.

Aluminum: Aluminum is commonly utilized in anti-tank rifle parts due to its great strength and low weight. Aluminum can potentially distort under the extreme pressure and heat experienced at the muzzle of a gun.

Alloy materials: It is possible to create alloys by combining two or more metals. In most cases, they outperform single materials in terms of strength and hardness. Alloys are expensive and challenging to manufacture and process, which is a major drawback.

Composite materials: Composites are materials made from two or more distinct materials whose properties can be tailored to suit specific applications. Lightweight, high strength, high stiffness, and corrosion resistance are only some of the benefits of composite materials. One drawback of composites is their high price tag. Larger, more complex to produce and manufacture.

Manufacturers typically select appropriate materials when making anti-tank rifles based on actual requirements. To ensure anti-tank properties, it is necessary to pick materials after carefully considering performance, weight, cost, and other aspects, then precisely machine and inspect each component. 

Second, The Bolt

One of the most important parts of an anti-tank gun is the bolt. Its job is to pull bullets out of the magazine and push them into the chamber. At the same time, it pulls the shells of the bullets that have already been fired out of the chamber. Here is a complete description of the bolt:

1. Composition of the bolt

The bolt typically has several parts, such as the handle, the pull bolt, the bullet lifter, the bullet guide, the magazine slot, shrapnel, and so on. The number and shape of the bolt’s parts depend on the gun, but all of them work together to pull, lift, push, and shoot bullets.

2. How the bolt works

When the gunner pulls the bolt, the bullet lifter and guide are raised, freeing the bullet for ejection from the magazine. The bullet will be halfway through the barrel when the bolt is fully retracted.

The bolt ejects the spent cartridge case from the chamber and out the anti-tank rifle’s side when the firing pin strikes the cartridge’s base and propels it out of the chamber at high velocity.

3. Design features of the bolt

The bolt’s accuracy, dependability, durability, and operability are all characteristics that should be considered throughout its design. The bolt’s precision and dependability can be enhanced by paying close attention to its structural design and material processing. The bolts on some anti-tank rifles may accommodate multi-row magazines to enhance ammunition capacity and fire rate.

Some anti-tank rifles have devices like shrapnel springs, shrapnel guide blocks, safety mechanisms, etc., installed in the bolts to increase their durability and make them easier to use. The bolt’s strength can withstand less force thanks to these design elements. Increase the anti-tank rifle’s use and versatility, and protect it from the wear and tear of time.


1. Composition of the barrel

The barrel has a protective sleeve around it and a hollow tube inside for the bore. Typically, steel or another alloy is used for the outer sleeve. Its primary function is to shield the inner bore tube and transfer heat. 

Acceleration and bullet direction are both guaranteed by the inner bore tube. The barrel’s accuracy and longevity heavily depend on the quality of the inner bore tube’s raw materials and manufacturing method.

2. How the barrel works

The high-pressure gas produced by the primer and bullet combustion propels the projectile toward the muzzle, creating a ballistic trajectory. 

The straightness and smoothness of the barrel are important for maintaining the bullet’s trajectory and point of impact.

3. Design features of the barrel

It’s important to think about things like accuracy, durability, ease of processing, etc., when designing the barrel. The barrel’s accuracy can be enhanced by using, for example, high-quality steel and finely tuned processing technologies and internal structure. The processing technology can make the barrel harder, denser, and smoother, which enhances the barrel’s accuracy and longevity.

The barrel’s length, diameter, and ballistic characteristics are all modifiable, making it suitable for a wide range of situations and use in warfare. Some anti-tank rifles, for instance, have shorter barrels for greater portability and handling, while others have longer barrels for greater range and penetration.


1. The composition of the magazine

A shell, spring, spring guide rail, shrapnel, etc., are the main components of the magazine. A spring pushes the bullet into the chamber, while the magazine’s shell (often constructed of aluminum alloy, steel, or plastic) provides the main supporting structure. Spring rails and shrapnel, typically formed of spring steel, are used to secure the spring and regulate its motion.

2. How the magazine works

The magazine feeds by using the spring to propel the bullet from the magazine into the chamber. The bullet is forced against the shrapnel at the bottom of the magazine when the magazine is put into the bolt and secured.

 After the bolt has been fired, the bullet and shrapnel will have exited the magazine, and the spring will have begun to release its stored energy, propelling the bullet toward the chamber.

3. Design features of the magazine

It’s important to think about things like capacity, dependability, ease of replacement and use, etc., when designing the magazine. Some anti-tank rifles have a more substantial magazine capacity thanks to a boxy magazine design, while others stick to more conventional magazine shapes. A smaller cartridge magazine is used in some guns. 

High-performance anti-tank guns, like the American M1 anti-tank rifle, have magazines that must be specifically designed to store and feed bullets accurately into the chamber. The magazine is removable, allowing for simple maintenance and reloading.


1. The composition of the bullet

A bullet consists of a projectile, a cartridge, a shell, and gunpowder. The bullet is the projectile’s leading edge; it’s composed of lead alloy or steel and can be customized in terms of weight and caliber to suit a variety of purposes.

There are two primary components to a bullet: the cartridge case, which is typically composed of copper or aluminum and other metals with strong compressive strength and anti-corrosion qualities, and the cartridge, which is typically made of paper or plastic and holds the gunpowder.

The bullet gets its energy from the gunpowder. It burns in the gun, creating a high-pressure, high-temperature gas that drives the projectile forward.

2. How bullets work

Utilizing the gas pressure created by the gunpowder explosion, the bullet is propelled forward and fired as it departs the muzzle.

When the trigger is pulled, the bolt will extract the cartridge from the magazine and load it into the chamber. The explosion of gunpowder in the chamber produces high-temperature, high-pressure gas that propels the projectile forward.

As the bullet leaves the chamber, the pressure at the muzzle swiftly decreases, resulting in an explosion and muzzle flame.

3. Design features of bullets

Accuracy, power, range, and ballistic stability are just a few of the factors that must be taken into account while designing bullets. Some anti-tank rifles have pointed or conical bullets to decrease air resistance and increase ballistic stability, thereby increasing accuracy and range.

Additionally, bullets with unique designs, like the Chicago twist and the Sako bullet, are used in some anti-tank rifles to increase their hit accuracy and rotational stability.

Some anti-tank rifles, like the Soviet PTRS anti-tank rifle, use large-caliber bullets to increase their power and lethality, such as 14.5mm bullets.

Rate of fire

A firearm’s rate of fire is the total number of shots it can fire in a given amount of time, typically stated as rounds per minute (RPM). In general, anti-tank rifles have a slow rate of fire, somewhere in the range of 1 to 5 rounds per minute. The anti-tank rifle’s longer barrel reduces the bullet’s initial velocity and lengthens the time it takes to fire.

The rate of fire impacts not just how often the firearm fires but also how much ammo is used and how steady the firearm remains in the user’s hands. Overheating, excessive wear, and a loss of control of the handgun can result from firing at too high a rate, reducing the firearm’s service life and accuracy.

Therefore, to guarantee the firearm’s stability and reliability, the fire rate of an anti-tank rifle is typically controlled within a certain range. There is also an impact on things like the type of ammunition used, barrel length, aerodynamic stability, and firing rates.

Generally speaking, the rate of fire decreases with longer barrels and greater ammo calibers because it takes longer to accelerate the bullet; different types of ammunition also affect the rate of fire; for example, heavier projectiles demand Takes longer to accelerate, leading to a lower rate of fire.

The rate of fire is also affected by aerodynamic stability, which lessens the drag on the bullet and improves its launch speed.


Bullet caliber of anti-tank rifles: Larger bullet calibers, such as 12.7mm, 14.5mm, etc., are typical for anti-tank guns. Large-caliber bullets have increased lethality and penetration, making them useful against armor-protected targets and vehicles.

Bullet quality of anti-tank rifles: The effectiveness of anti-tank weapons is partly affected by the quality of their bullets. When it comes to kinetic energy and penetration, heavier bullets tend to deliver, but at the expense of increased damage to the barrel and recoil stress and weight.

Bullet speed of anti-tank rifles: The effectiveness of anti-tank rifles relies in part on the velocity of their projectiles. Increased bullet velocity increases kinetic energy and penetration but also increases recoil and barrel damage. 

Bullet kinetic energy of an anti-tank rifle: Bullet kinetic energy refers to the kinetic energy of a bullet in flight. It is also an important factor affecting an anti-tank rifle’s power. Greater kinetic energy can provide greater lethality and penetration, putting more pressure and burden on the barrel and recoil.