I. Introduction

As tensions escalate in the Indo-Pacific region, China and India are intensifying their efforts to bolster their naval capabilities, with both nations on the brink of commissioning their third aircraft carriers.

II. The Rise of Fujian

China and India compete to expand their aircraft carrier fleets
Fujian, China’s third aircraft carrier, is equipped with electromagnetic catapults.

A. Unveiling the New Aircraft Carrier

The latest images of China’s Fujian, showcased by state broadcaster CCTV, reveal intriguing details, including three catapult tracks on its deck. These catapults could mark a significant advancement in launch technology.

B. Signs of Progress

Reports from November suggest that the Fujian successfully launched an object while docked in Shanghai, with footage circulating on social media. Additionally, it underwent a potential tilt test, indicating final preparations for sea trials.

C. Expected Entry into Service

Taiwanese authorities anticipate Fujian to join active service by 2025, raising concerns about its role in the event of a conflict, especially considering its massive size with a displacement exceeding 80,000 tons.

III. The Technological Edge

A. Electromagnetic Catapults vs. Ski Jump Ramps

Distinguishing itself from its predecessors, the Fujian boasts electromagnetic catapults, enhancing the aircraft’s takeoff capabilities. This technology allows for increased payload, longer range, and improved combat capabilities.

B. Implications for Future Chinese Carriers

While the Fujian is steam-powered, there is speculation about China’s shift to nuclear power for its fourth aircraft carrier, aiming to equip more ships with electromagnetic catapults by 2031, as predicted by the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments.

IV. India’s Response

China and India compete to expand their aircraft carrier fleets

A. The Current Landscape

India, in response to China’s expanding influence in the Indian Ocean, operates two aircraft carriers: INS Vikramaditya and the domestically built INS Vikrant.

B. Plans for Expansion

Indian Navy Chief Admiral Hari Kumar revealed plans for another Vikrant-class aircraft carrier, emphasizing the need for a robust blue water navy to counter China’s strategic moves.

C. Defensive Challenges

India’s current defensive capabilities are hampered by its two-carrier fleet, making maintenance periods a vulnerability. To address this, there are plans to commission a third aircraft carrier.

V. Collaborative Efforts

India and the United States established a working group in 2015 to collaborate on aircraft carrier-related technology. This partnership could expedite India’s domestic production of components through U.S. cooperation.

VI. Conclusion

As China and India engage in a race to expand their aircraft carrier fleets, the Indo-Pacific region becomes the stage for a complex geopolitical dance. The technological advancements and strategic decisions made by these nations will shape the future of naval dominance in the region.


  1. Q: Why is China focusing on electromagnetic catapults for its aircraft carriers?
    • A: Electromagnetic catapults provide enhanced takeoff capabilities, allowing planes to carry more weight and improving overall combat capabilities.
  2. Q: How does India plan to counter China’s influence in the Indian Ocean?
    • A: India aims to strengthen its naval capabilities, including the commissioning of a third aircraft carrier and collaboration with the United States on carrier-related technology.
  3. Q: What is the significance of Fujian’s expected entry into service in 2025?
    • A: The Fujian’s deployment could play a crucial role in potential conflicts, especially concerning Taiwan, given its massive size and advanced technology.
  4. Q: How does India plan to address its defensive vulnerabilities during maintenance periods?
    • A: India intends to commission a third aircraft carrier to ensure continuous operational capabilities even during maintenance phases.
  5. Q: What are the potential implications of a nuclear-powered Chinese aircraft carrier in the Indo-Pacific region?
    • A: A shift to nuclear power could signify China’s commitment to expanding its naval capabilities, potentially altering the regional power dynamics.