To relieve its Air Force of unnecessary stress in the event of a regional war, Israel developed the LORA (Long Range Artillery Rocket).
Israeli Aerospace Industries (IAI) and the state-owned IMI have been working on long-range rockets (100 to 250 kilometers). IAI claims that the range of their LORA technology is 200 kilometers.
The IAI missile can hold its own against the American ATACM, which was used effectively in Iraq. Reported dimensions include a length of 4.7 meters, a width of 0.65 meters, and a launch mass of 1,560 kilograms.
The LORA Long Range Artillery Weapon System can be launched from mobile or naval platforms to strike critical targets deep within the enemy’s territory. Typical targets are immobile or stationary assets, such as those found in infrastructure. Delivering the high explosive warhead within an accuracy of 10m: CEP is possible across the whole, effective range.
The missile can carry either a high explosive payload weighing 400 kilograms (kg) or a penetrating warhead weighing 600 kg (1,300 lbs) to destroy fortified structures.
It only takes a few minutes to get the missile in the air from a slapdash launch site. In less than 10 minutes after the launch, the missile can strike any target whose location is known to be within its range.
The LORA employs a flight mode called “shaped trajectory.” The sealed canister in which LORA is kept has a maintenance-free shelf life of seven years.
The LORA Weapon System underwent a successful operational dual shooting trial at IAI on June 2, 2020. The open sea trial was conducted to show LORA’s capabilities to an IAI client.
The MALAM section of IAI created LORA, a sea-to-ground and ground-to-ground system consisting of a long-range ballistic missile, a one-of-a-kind launcher, a command, and control system, and a ground/marine support system. LORA can launch a ballistic attack at several ranges with a CEP of 10 meters.
The IAI Systems, Missiles & Space Group is responsible for creating LORA. The Group’s history includes developing numerous missile and satellite systems, including observation satellites, nano-satellites, and communication satellites, as well as air-defense systems like the Arrow 2 and 3, the Barak 8, and loitering missiles (including Dror, the national communication satellite).
Group members also worked on the Beresheet spacecraft, which made the first human trip to the moon. IAI is a leading provider of cutting-edge technology in air defense, radars, satellites, unmanned vehicles, civil aviation, and cyber on a national and international scale.
MGM-140 Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS)
United States Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) is a collection of short-range, road-mobile, solid-propellant-fueled, surface-to-surface ballistic missiles. In 1991, the missile was first used in combat during the Persian Gulf War.
ATACMS was supposed to replace the MGM-52 Lance missile and support ground forces. The missile resembles its predecessor and is launched from modified MLRS vehicles.
The regular Block 1, the extended-range Block 1A, an anti-hard target Block 1A variation, the terminated anti-tank Block 2, and a terminated nuclear version were planned.
Block 1 is the most basic service in the ATACMS family. This tactical system attacks high-value targets like airfields, Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) sites, artillery/missile units, supply areas, and command groups.
Numerous M74 submunitions completely saturate a region held by the enemy, wiping out personnel and material. Since the submunitions are dispersed, ATACMS Block 1 can be used against both mobile military targets and unprotected buildings.
Block 1 can travel 165 kilometers and carry a single 560-kilogram bomb. 950 M74 submunitions are packed into this bomb’s payload. The ATACMS Block 1’s accuracy is a mystery with its inertial guiding system.
However, there is a high chance of hitting the target due to the combination of the area’s saturation and the missile’s relatively short range.
The missile has a launch weight of 1,673 kg and is 3.98 meters in length and 0.61 meters in width. The one-stage solid propellant motor is responsible for propulsion.
ATACMS Block 1A
Using a single 160-kilogram warhead, Block 1A can travel at least 100 kilometers. Both the submunition and the unitary bomb have a maximum range of 300 kilometers.
This warhead can be fitted with either a single HE warhead or 300 M74 submunitions scattered across the target area. Blast/fragmentation and high-explosive (HE) hard-target penetration single-warhead variants exist.
AGM/RGM-84 Harpoon’s 213 kg HE blast/fragmentation warhead or the SLAM-ER missile’s 247 kg HE blast penetration warhead are used in the Block 1A Unitary missile, rather than the Block 1A’s standard 300 submunitions.
Since then, they have changed the name to the Block 1A unitary missile. So that the ATACMS Block 1A component causes as little damage as possible to other people while still achieving its strategic goals, it has been made to work in any climate. Because it can quickly reload and has a range of 300 km, it can keep firing at targets well behind enemy lines. Because the missile is small and its launch vehicle system is flexible, it can be put in the best place.